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Applications  Overview |  Technology  |  Basic Plasma Physics  |  Space Plasmas  |  Plasma Astrophysics                       Magnetic Confinement Fusion  |  High Energy Density Physics  |  Alternate Concepts for Fusion

   Many alternate fusion concepts are being investigated even though Tokamak magnetic confinement systems remain a leading candidate for practical fusion energy reactors. There are several alternate concepts which are being thoroughly investigated. Various alternate concepts were thoroughly discussed at the Innovative Confinement Concepts Workshop ICC 1998.

toroidal confinement options

References: An excellent article in Scientific American on
Fusion and the Z Pinch
by Gerald Yonas discusses how
the Z machine at Sandia National Laboratories has led to a new way of triggering controlled fusion.

'Alternate Paths to Fusion' brochure, UCRL-TB-124383, 9/96
[Energy Directorate, Lawrence Livermore Nat'l Lab, P.O.Box 808,
L-637, Livermore, CA 94551].

spherical torus plasma
      Spherical Torus at Culham, UK

Alternate Fusion Concepts

Research Centers emphasizing Alternate Fusion Concepts

  • UCI Fusion Energy and Pulsed Power Research, University of California, Irvine
    fusion, z pinch, staged z pinch, beam fusion, colliding beam fusion, field reversed configurations,

    inverse cyclotron converters
  • Bellan Plasma Group Caltech, Pasadena, California
    spheromaks, magnetic helicity, plasma theory, transport, plasma statistical mechanics
  • Fusion Studies Laboratory, Dept of Nuclear, Plasma and Radiological Engineering,
    University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois
    dense plasma focus, fusion engineering
  • LANL Fusion Energy, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico
    magnetized target fusion, Penning fusion experiment, theory and computing, plasma spray

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