Plasmas International Legal Permissions

The Plasmas International (PL_INTL) Website supports PL_INTL's efforts to educate people outside the field about plasmas.  Educators and others are encouraged to use the Materials properly in order to educate people, including themselves, about plasmas.  The Materials are NOT to be used in connection with commercial enterprise.


The Materials (as defined below) are protected by copyright and/or other applicable law.  Any use of the Materials other than as authorized under this license is prohibited.

By exercising any of the rights to any portion of the Materials provided here, You (as defined below) accept and agree to be bound by the terms of this license.  The Licensor, Plasmas International, grants You the rights contained here in consideration of Your acceptance of such terms and conditions.

1. Fair Use Rights and Third-Party Rights.

Nothing in this license is intended to reduce, limit, or restrict any rights arising from fair use, first sale or other limitations on the exclusive rights of the copyright owner under copyright law or other applicable laws.  Nothing in this license is intended to reduce, limit, or restrict any rights owned by third-parties.

2. License Grant

This overall Website is Copyrighted by PL_INTL.  All rights are reserved by PL_INTL except as explicitly granted in this license.

Portions of the Materials include figures, graphs, or photos that must remain with their accompanying text because these portions have been licensed from others outside PL_INTL.  The figures, graphs, or photos, together with their accompanying text, are hereinafter referred to as Units.  Individual Units will be identified on the PL_INTL Website.  Permission and/or information about the owner of these Units can be obtained from PL_INTL, but copying, distributing, or displaying any portion of such Units, but not the entire Unit as a whole, is prohibited without the consent of PL_INTL and/or the licensor of such Units.  Units must remain unabridged and unmodified.

Except for limited portions in the public domain, the Materials are copyrighted and are the exclusive property of PL_INTL or its respective licensors. This Agreement conveys a limited right to use the Materials and shall not be construed to convey title in any of the Materials to You. PL_INTL reserves the right to add, remove, or otherwise modify the content of the PL_INTL Website at any time without notice to You.

All of the Materials on this Website may be copied, but there are some limitations to the copying, distribution, and display of any such Materials, even if done solely for educational purposes.

PL_INTL permits You to copy, distribute, and display all or any part of the Materials for educational purposes and not for a fee so long as Units remain unabridged and unmodified.  In return, You must maintain PL_INTL’s copyright notices and attributions in the content and, if copied to a website, link the content back to this Legal Permissions page.  You may not use the Materials for commercial purposes, unless You get PL_INTL's prior written permission.  Specifically, no part of the Materials may be sold or used to promote, endorse or advertise any commercial product.

The Materials, or any part thereof, may not be incorporated into any Collective Works (as defined below) or used to create Derivative Works (as defined below) without the specific written approval of PL_INTL.

3. Liability Disclaimer

Care has been taken by PL_INTL, authors and content developers to assure accuracy and completeness of content in the Materials.  However, neither PL_INTL nor original authors make any warranty, express or implied, as to the correctness, completeness, or quality of Materials or their suitability for a particular purpose.  THE MATERIALS ARE OFFERED AS IS. PL_INTL AND THE COPYRIGHT OWNERS MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND CONCERNING THE MATERIALS, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NONINFRINGEMENT, OR THE ABSENCE OF LATENT OR OTHER DEFECTS, ACCURACY, OR THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF ERRORS, WHETHER OR NOT DISCOVERABLE.  Furthermore, and not limiting the foregoing, PL_INTL makes no warranty or representation that the use of the Materials will not infringe any patents, copyright or other intellectual property rights of PL_INTL or of a third party.


4. Miscellaneous

  • If any provision of this License is invalid or unenforceable under applicable law, it shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the remainder of the terms of this License, and without further action by the parties to this agreement, such provision shall be reformed to the minimum extent necessary to make such provision valid and enforceable.
  • This License constitutes the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the Materials licensed here.  There are no understandings, agreements or representations with respect to Materials not specified here.  PL_INTL shall not be bound by any additional provisions that may appear in any communication from You.  This License may not be modified without the mutual written agreement of PL_INTL and You.

5. Definitions

  • "Collective Work" is a work, such as a periodical issue, anthology, or encyclopedia, in which a number of contributions, constituting separate and independent works in themselves, are assembled into a collective whole.
  • "Derivative Work" is a work based upon one or more preexisting works, such as a translation, abridgment, condensation, or any other form in which a work may be recast, transformed, or adapted.  A work consisting of editorial revisions, annotations, elaborations, or other modifications which, as a whole, represent an original work of authorship, is a ''derivative work''.
  • "Original Author" means the person or persons who originates or creates any portion of the Materials.
  • "Materials" mean any or all copyrightable works of authorship that are available on the Website and its family of sites [, and] which are offered under the terms of this License, except as noted above.
  • “Unit” means any specially identified figures, graphs, or photos combined with accompanying text.  Units can be found in a variety of formats, including but not limited to: two-page publications, brochures, or posters.
  • "You" means an individual or entity exercising rights under this License who has not previously violated the terms of this License with respect to the Materials, or who has received express permission from PL_INTL to exercise rights under this License despite a previous violation.

Infringement Notification

PL_INTL, prior to making any PL_INTL Materials publicly available, has reviewed all Materials extensively to determine the correct ownership of the Materials and obtain the appropriate licenses to make the Materials available on the PL_INTL Website.  PL_INTL will promptly remove any Materials that are determined to be infringing on the rights of others.  If you believe that a portion of the Materials infringe another's copyright, please send usfeedback.  If you do not include an electronic signature with your claim, you may be asked to send or fax a follow-up copy with a signature.  To file the notification, you must be either the copyright owner of the work or an individual authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.  Your notification must include:

1. Identification of the copyrighted work, or, in the case of multiple works at the same location, a representative list of such works at that site.

2. Identification of the Materials that are claimed to be infringing or to be the subject of infringing activity.  You must include sufficient information, such as a specific URL or other specific identification, for us to locate the Materials.

3. Information for us to be able to contact the claimant (e.g., email address, phone number).

4. A statement that the claimant believes that the use of the Materials has not been authorized by the copyright owner or an authorized agent.

5. A statement that the information in the notification is accurate and that the claimant is, or is authorized to act on behalf of, the copyright owner.

                              Copyright (c) 1999, 2004  Plasmas International   All Rights Reserved